Facial pain is a painful condition that may affect one or both sides of the face or forehead. Facial pain may arise due to injury, infection in facial structures, nerve disorders or from unknown reasons.
In cases where the facial pain is followed by chest, shoulder, neck, or arm pain, it may indicate a heart attack which is a medical emergency. If facial pain is pulsating, radiates to one side and worsens on eating, it may indicate a dental problem. But if the pain is persistent and unexplained, then you should consult your doctor.
The possible causes for the development of facial pain include:
- Sinus infection
- Dental abscess
- Headache and migraine
- Face injury
- Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders
- Ear and eye infections
- Neurological conditions such as trigeminal neuralgia
In cases of facial pain, your doctor will take a medical history followed by physical examination. Patients with dental problems are referred to a dentist. Whereas for other cases, the doctor may order certain diagnostic tests such as ECG, tonometry, X-rays, and neurological tests to diagnose the exact underlying cause for the facial pain.
The treatment of the facial pain depends upon the underlying causes. Treatment of those causes may alleviate the symptoms of facial pain. Normally treatment of the facial pain includes medications, medical therapies such as acupuncture, chiropractic adjustment, and in rare cases even surgery.